The Battle Of Little Bighorn
The battle of Little Bighorn was fought in the year 1876. It is also commonly referred to as Custer’s Last Stand. It took place between the United States Cavalry which was led by Lieutenant Colonel Custer. He was accompanied by the Native American tribes of Cheyenne, Sioux and Arapaho. Before the battle the tribes had decided to wage a war against the settlers because they had repeatedly broken their promise of staying off tribal lands in the Black Hills.
In late 1875 the natives of the tribes of Cheyenne and Sioux left their lands in order to wage wars against the settlers. The reason was that the settlers continuously lead into the sacred tribal lands of Black Hills. The Indians got together under the command of the great Native American warrior Sitting Bull in order to fight for their lands. In the following spring, they had two victories over the US army and this emboldened them to fight against Custer in the summer of 1876.
On the 22nd of June, Brigadier Terry sent Colonel Custer alongside the 7thCavalry on a journey to follow Sitting Bull’s path. The idea was to have Custer strike the tribes and force them towards another smaller force which was supposed to be deployed further. This was along river Little Bighorn. On the 25th of June, early in the morning the scouts found the Sitting Bull’s village location. The intention was to put the cavalry in position. However the scouts were spotted by the Indians and Custer believed they had gone to warn the village. This is why he attacked without delay. He split the corps in three smaller battalions. One company under Captain Reno was sent for a head on attack, Captain Benteen and his three forces were sent south to stop the Indians from fleeing there and he himself took 5 companies. This was to strike at the village from the Northern end. With the progress of the battle Custer, alongside his men were surprised by a number of things. The first was the remarkable number of warriors the Indians had. Intelligence has the number at 800 but it was close to 2200. Custer’s regiment was decimated by the tribes. The outcome of the battle shocked the government that they were forced to flood the area with troops and Indians were forced to surrender.
The Battle of Little Bighorn is one of the most studied battles in American History.
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